What is Neurogenic Bladder?
Neurogenic bladder is a disease characterized by the inability of the bladder to perform its storage and excretion functions properly due to injuries and diseases that develop at various levels of the nervous system.
It progresses with different types of disorders on the bladder depending on the time, place, shape and severity of the event affecting the nervous system.
What are the Neurogenic Bladder Symptoms?
- Low volume but frequent urination,
- Sudden urgency and even urinary incontinence,
- Loss of urine sensation,
- Urinary incontinence (dripping) without a feeling of urgency,
- Facial flushing, sweating, increased blood pressure while urinating (Autonomic Dysreflexia),
- In the long term, urinary stone formation may be accompanied by frequent recurrent urinary tract infections,
- Renal failure may be observed in patients as a long-term consequence of neurogenic bladder.
Neurogenic Bladder Causes
- Dementia & Alzheimer,
- Brain Trauma,
- Cerebellar Ataxia,
- Cerebral palsy,
- Multiple Sclerosis (MS),
- Spinal Cord Trauma,
- Transverse Myelitis,
- Neurospinal Dysraphism,
- Tabes Dorsalis, Pernicious Anemia,
- Disc Diseases,
- Spinal Stenosis,
- Radical Pelvic Surgery,
- Herpes Virus Infections,
- Diabetes Mellitus,
- Guillain-Barre Syndrome,
and many other neurological, hormonal, infective and oncological diseases may be responsible for voiding dysfunction.
Neurogenic Bladder Treatment Purpose
- Protecting the kidneys,
- Preventing the development of infection,
- Ensuring urine storage and discharge,
- Providing additional urinary excretion methods if necessary,
- Ensuring social adaptation.
Neurogen Bladder Drug Treatments
- Muscarinic receptor antagonists: These are drugs that reduce and suppress bladder contractions and are the most commonly used drugs in treatment. The main ones are; oxybutynin, darifenacin, fesoterodine, propiverine, solifenacin, tolterodine, trospiumchloride.
- Beta-3 agonists (mirabegron): They are new generation drugs compared to other drugs and have a lower side-effect profile.
- Antibiotic Treatment
Advanced Treatment Methods
- Intermittent Catheterization (IC),
- Intra-bladder botox application,
- Nerve stimulation techniques (Neuromodulation),
- Increasing bladder capacity with surgical techniques (Augmentation Cystoplasty).
Note: Page contents are for informational purposes only and a doctor's application is required for your diagnosis and treatment.