ASSOC. PROF. DR.ARİF DEMİRBAŞUrologistMENUTESTIMONIALS+90 532 485 0016Contact Information

Kidney Stent

Stent in Kidney Stone

Kidney Stent

Kidney stone disease is one of the important causes of chronic kidney failure, with uncomfortable symptoms such as severe pain, nausea and vomiting, loss of labor with these symptoms.

Kidney stone surgery becomes a good option in the presence of a stone that cannot or cannot be passed and causes obstruction in the urinary system.

Kidney stone operations may differ according to the size of the stone, its localization, the experience of the surgeon, the factors of the patient and the technical possibilities of the hospital.

Today, increasing technological possibilities allow us to perform kidney stone surgeries with the least invasive (without incision) and endoscopic methods as possible.

In this article, we will try to explain the frequently used stents in endoscopic kidney stone surgeries.

Why Rndoscopic Kidney Stone Surgeries (Laser Kidney Stone Removal Turkey)

  • Fast recovery
  • Early discharge
  • Return to business life in a short time
  • Less pain
  • Less risk

How is endoscopic kidney stone surgery performed?

With optical systems that enable imaging in men and women, stones can be found in both the bladder, the ureter and the kidney by entering the urethral meatus (the hole of micturation). Through these systems, the laser is directed to the stone. The stone is then fragmented (laser stone removal). Then, stent placement is also applied to the kidney, usually after ureter or kidney stone surgeries.

Kidney Stone

What is a kidney stent like?

After kidney stone operations, polyurethane or carbotan-coated, soft-consistent, both ends J-shaped catheters called Double J stent are used. Generally, stents with a diameter of 6 fr (2 mm) and a length of 24-26 cm are used for adults.

How painful is laser stone removal and stent placement?

Even the simplest surgical operations carry risks. However, endoscopic stone surgeries performed with the aid of semi-rigid, flexible ureterorenoscopes and laser are the most comfortable kidney stone surgeries that can be performed without any incision. After these surgeries, patients can usually be discharged within 12-24 hours and return to their normal lives and work within 2-3 days.

Kidney Stone Removal Cost Turkey

In these surgeries, the operation costs vary according to the size and location of the stone, other factors of the patient, the technical infrastructure of the hospital, stent placement, the need for additional sessions and the experience of the surgeon.

Why is a stent placed for kidney stones? Ureteral stenting

In particular, kidney stones located in the ureter (the tubes) or in the main pool called the renal pelvis block the entire kidney and affect the function of the kidney for a certain period of time. In order to quickly recover this function, stent insertion in the kidney may become essential both before and after laser lithotripsy.

In addition, edema due to kidney stones, mucosal damage, pressure created during surgery, comfortable expulsion of fragmented stones and stenosis detected in the ureter also require kidney stent placement. The most commonly used type of stent is the Double J stents (DJ stent, JJ stent) with one end extending to the kidney and the other end to the bladder, and both ends are J-shaped.

In which endoscopic surgeries is a kidney stent (double j stent) placed?

As it can be used in other situations, it is most commonly used in the following subtypes of kidney stone surgery.

  • Endoscopic ureteral stone treatment (ureterorenoscopy),
  • Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS, Flexible ureterorenoscopy),
  • Laparoscopic kidney stone surgeries (pyelolithotomy, ureterolithotomy).

Can kidney stone surgery be performed without a stent?

If there is no long-term obstruction in the kidney, if there is no significant edema, if there is no mucosal damage during the operation, if there is no stenosis in the ureter and if the kidney and ureter are stone free at the end of the surgery, these operations can be performed without stenting.

Can a stent damage your kidney?

DJ (Double, Double J) stents placed in the kidney provide rapid recovery after stone surgery, relieve congestion and are essential in some cases. It does not harm the kidney. However, it can sometimes increase susceptibility to infection and rarely this condition can become serious. Double J stents that are neglected and left for longer than planned begin to damage the kidney.

How long does the kidney stent stay?

After endoscopic kidney stone operations, it is usually requested to stay the stent for 2-4 weeks. In some special cases, this period may be shortened or extended. However, it is definitely not recommended for our patients to extend this period due to the problems in their private lives, except for the doctor's recommendation.

The maximum life of standard DJ stents is 3 months, and as the duration increases, stents may lead to petrification, adherence to the ureter and kidney, and severe infections, and serious complications may occur.

Side effects of the kidney stent

There may be some negativities in patients with stent insertion in laser kidney stone removal. Of these; mild pain, frequent urination, burning in urination, sometimes urinary incontinence and pinkness in the urine are expected side effects and should not worry patients. Medications to reduce these symptoms will be given by your doctor. However, infection can develop after these surgeries.

I recommend that you consult your doctor or the emergency services of the hospital where you have surgery, as hospitalization may be required, especially in cases of severe back pain, fever, and severe weakness.

Does a stent inserted in the kidney cause pain and bleeding?

Yes, these stents extending from the kidney and advancing to the bladder may cause mild side pain, fullness, and discomfort. It can also cause dark urine and bleeding, and this should not scare you. All symptoms will improve after stent removal.

Is there any pain in DJ stent removal?

One of the most frequently asked questions after both URS and RIRS (laser surgeries) is the difficulty of removing the kidney stent. There is this concern, especially in patients who or their relatives had previous stone surgery and subsequently had stent removal from the kidney. Unfortunately, this procedure, which is performed under local anesthesia, causes pain and anxiety.

This procedure is completely painless and can be performed in a few minutes when optimal conditions are provided. Considering the wishes of the patients, sedation and regional anesthesia can be applied easily and the patients can return to their normal lives within a few hours.

Sex After Kidney Stone Surgery

Will there be pain after kidney stent removal?

If there is no significant occlusive residual stone, there is no pain after DJ stent removal. The discomfort caused by the stent also goes away in a few hours. Consult your doctor if you experience severe pain after removal of the stent.

Sex after kidney stone surgery

One of the most curious and asked questions is "Can I have sexual intercourse after kidney stone surgery?", "When can I have sexual intercourse after a stent is placed in the kidney?" Before or immediately after kidney stone surgery, patients with DJ stent inserted or removed do not have any sexual restrictions. It is wrong to think that sexual intercourse can damage the stent..

I have a ureteral stent, can I have an MRI?

DJ stents made of polyurethane are generally used in kidney stone surgeries. There is no harm in performing MR imaging with these stents.

As a result, kidney stone surgery, which is an important cause of chronic kidney failure in the long term, apart from its symptoms such as severe pain, can be varied according to the location of the stone, its size, the experience of the surgeon, the factors of the patient and the technical possibilities of the hospital.

It is a safer and correct approach to perform these kidney stone surgeries in sessions. In particular, stents placed in the kidney are beneficial in both function and tissue healing. I recommend that you consult a urologist for kidney stone disease, which is a health problem that cannot be neglected.

Urologist near me

Dr. Arif Demirbas Urology Clinic is near you for fast and effective treatment

For kidney stone removal cost in Turkey

Whatsapp: +90 532 485 0016
Instagram: @drarifdemirbas
Youtube: @drarifdemirbas

Update Date: 19.11.2022
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Arif Demirbaş
Doç. Dr. Arif Demirbaş
Üroloji Uzmanı
The content of this page is for informational purposes only.
Please consult your physician for diagnosis and treatment.
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Arif Demirbas
Urology Specialist
Dr. Arif Demirbaş was born in 1985 in Turkey. He graduated from Uludag University Faculty of Medicine in 2010. He completed his urology residency training at Ankara Training and Research Hospital between 2011-2016. As a result of intensive academic studies after his specialization, he received the title of Associate Professor in March 2021.

Although he has experience with each of urological diseases, he has a special interest in the diagnosis, medical treatment and surgical treatment of urological cancers (prostate cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer and testicular cancer),kidney stone diseases, benign prostate enlargement, adrenal gland diseases (surrenal gland) and pediatric urology diseases (ureteropelvic stenosis, vesicoureteral reflux, undescended testicles). If possible, the surgeries are planned laparoscopically and endoscopically in a way that creates the least discomfort for the patient as required by the era.
Have a question?
Contact Form
Patient Comments
All Testimonials
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Arif Demirbaş Assoc. Prof. Dr. Arif DemirbaşContact Us Contact Us Whatsapp
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Arif DemirbaşAssoc. Prof. Dr. Arif DemirbasUrology Specialist
+90532 485 0016
+90532 485 0016