Urinary tract infection is an infection that affects a certain area of the urinary tract and the inflammatory response of the body to this situation. The definition of "cystitis" is used in cases where the lower urinary tract is affected, and "pyelonephritis" is used in cases where the upper urinary tract is affected.
The most common cause is E. Coli. Rarely, other bacteria, viruses, and fungi can also cause urinary tract infections. Sexually transmitted infections can also be responsible for urinary tract infection.
Considering the female anatomy, hormonal variability and sexual life factors, it is seen that urinary tract infections develop more frequently in women than in men.
While complaints such as painful or frequent urination, bad odor and color changes in the urine, suprapubic pain may be a sign of a simple lower urinary tract infection; Complaints such as high fever, flank pain, general condition disorder, nausea-vomiting may be encountered with a life-threatening serious upper urinary tract, kidney infection (pyelonephritis, kidney abscess).
Serious kidney infections are common, especially in diabetic and immunocompromised elderly patients.
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